Department of Atomic Physics

The BUTE group is experienced in the field of modeling and simulation of different optical systems and in the design, technology and assembly of optical components and devices. Successful project demonstrating the skills of the group was the development of holographic demonstrator devices allowing exchange of the recording media between different systems working with different wavelengths. Complete design and development was done by parallel simulation of the storage material and the system performance. The group was partner in two different FP6 IST projects: 511626 ATHOS coordinated by Deutsche Thomson-Brandt GmbH and 511437 MICROHOLAS coordinated by Technical University of Berlin.


CEA-LETI (an Institute of Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives or CEA), located in Grenoble, France, with more than 1400 employees is a major research centre for Microelectronics, Microtechnologies, Optronics and Instrumentation in Europe. LETI benefits from platforms within Minatec (Europe’s main Centre of Excellence in Micro- and Nano-technology) which group expertise and resources found nowhere else in Europe, such as the 300mm silicon technology platform, the 200mm microelectronics platform, the 200mm MEMS200 microsystems platform, the nanocharacterisation platform, the upstream platform and the design platform.

A dedicated division, LETI/DTBS (Micro-technologies for Biology and Healthcare Division, 180 people including 25 PhD and post-docs) develop applications of micro-nano technologies in the field of health. It is part of CEA's strategy to become a centre for research of international standard in Information Technologies and Health. The challenge for the LETI/DTBS is to create devices and systems highly miniaturized and incorporating intelligence in order to improve performance and reduce costs.

LETI/DTBS has a long experience in research and developments of X-ray and gamma-ray imaging detectors. To develop new imaging solutions, we associate skills in physics, modelling and simulation, electronics and information processing, with innovative technologies from others LETI Departments (ASIC design, innovative packaging, new materials). Today, we have a world recognize expertise in X-ray and gamma-ray imaging detectors for medical, security, and scientific applications based on semiconductor detection material.

Another division, LETI/DOPT (Optronics Division, 200 people including 40 PhD and post-docs), develops devices for imaging sensors and photonic components. LETI/DOPT led material research in the development of crystals for scintillators. LETI/DOPT has a strong experience in developing and transferring imaging technologies, (for example: infrared cooled HgCdTe detectors and un-cooled amorphous-silicon micro-bolometers, which led to the creation of companies Sofradir and Ulis). LETI/DOPT also has a strong relationship with ST Microelectronics, especially in the field of visible CMOS sensors.

LETI/DOPT imaging activities are oriented towards the improvement of sensor performances in visible, cooled and un-cooled infrared detectors. LETI/DOPT activities also deal with the integration of traditional optical functions in image sensors: filters, lenses, auto-focus, zoom. These activities include optical design, characterization and packaging competencies, beyond the technological aspects 

Circuits and Systems (CAS)

TU Delft is one of the leading engineering universities in Europe. Located in Delft, The Netherlands, it is rated among the top-ten universities in Europe according to all major rankings. With an annual budget of over 450M€, TU Delft counts 8 faculties in all major fields of science and engineering. The student body was 14,299 in 2007 divided over 14 Bachelor’s and 41 Master’s programs, while the academic staff counted 2712 persons. In the same year TU Delft had a total output of 5834 publications, of which 802 in scientific journals, and 104 patents granted.

The faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics, and Computer Sciences (EWI) comprises 29 chairs, including the Chair of VLSI Design headed by Prof. E. Charbon. The core competencies of EWI are VLSI design, CMOS processing and modelling, microelectronics & computer engineering, software technology, and telecommunications.

(Project coordinator)

EPFL is one of the two Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology of Switzerland. Like its sister institution, ETH, it has three missions: education, research and technology transfer at the highest international level. EPFL offers 13 complete study programs at Bachelor's and Master's levels (Bologna system). The EPFL campus is contiguous with that of the University of Lausanne. Taken together, the two campuses count approximately 20,000 students, with over 7,000 graduate students active in all major technical disciplines: electrical, civil, and mechanical engineering, computer and communication sciences, bioengineering and biomedicine, architecture, and environmental science.

The AQUA (Advanced Quantum Architectures) group within the School of Engineering is headed by Prof. E. Charbon. Its  research mission is to model and develop hardware/software systems based on quantum devices. Particular emphasis is on high-speed 2D/3D optical sensing, single photon avalanche devices (SPAD) and their medical and environmental applications, as well as design optimization techniques. Within SPADnet, overall project management and assistance to the scientific coordination are taken care of by Dr. Claudio Bruschini.

Institute of Micro and Nano Systems (IMNS)

The University of Edinburgh, School of Engineering, Institute for Integrated Micro and Nano Systems (IMNS) The University of Edinburgh (UoE) is Scotland's leading research university with an international reputation for world-class research across a wide range of disciplines. In the recent Research Assessment Exercise, the School of Engineering in Edinburgh was ranked third in the UK behind only those of Oxford and Cambridge. The IMNS brings together researchers from integrated circuit design, system-on-chip design, micro-fabrication, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), micro-machining and neural computation. The Institute's facilities include substantial design and test resources. We benefit from the full suite of Cadence Design Systems CAD and Synopsys TCAD tools running on a large compute farm of SUN Ultra24 workstations. The IMNS and its original research groups have a long history of successful commercialization of research, including the formation of a number of world-renowned companies including VLSI Vision Group (now ST Microelectronics Vision Group), Wolfson Microelectronics and MicroEmissive Displays (MED).

Smart Optical Sensors and Interfaces Group (SOI)

Fondazione Bruno Kessler is a private non-profit research center working for the public interest. Established by the government of Autonomous Province of Trento, FBK conducts research in the areas of Information Technology, Materials and Microsystems, Italo-Germanic Historical Studies and Religious Sciences.  Other FBK activities include studies on networking and telecommunications, with a particular focus on government and welfare, as well as studies on the effectiveness of public policies. FBK employs 350 researchers, (220 currently writing dissertations), graduates, post-doc students, and visiting professors. FBK is organized in 5 research centres, 7 laboratories, 3 specialised libraries open to external visitors, and a number of field projects active across the Provinces territory.  FBK has generated 14 spin-offs, start-ups and joint-ventures.

The research group involved in this project is the Smart Optical Sensors and Interfaces (SOI) Group within the Materials and Microsystems area. The main research activities of the group are on the design and characterization of integrated sensors for “special imaging” and range from devices for 3D measurements to high-dynamic range digital cameras, with special emphasis on single-photon detectors for time-resolved imaging. The core competencies of the SOI group are on the device design and modelling, analog and mixed circuit design and test and electro-optical characterization of image sensors. 


Mediso was founded in January 1990 as a gamma camera service group with headquarters in Budapest, now employing over 100 specialists and grew to manufacturer of internationally competitive, state-of-the-art diagnostic imaging devices. The R&D activity of Mediso involves not only mechanical and electric design but also development of data acquisition and image processing software. Over the years Mediso has formed several co-operations with hospitals, clinics and scientific institutions worldwide.

The most established research area of the company is the development of human SPECT systems for clinical applications. The continuous research activity of the company was recognized first in 2003 by the Innovation Prize of the Hungarian Ministry of Economy and Transport. In 2007 Mediso Ltd. received the Hungarian Innovation Grand Prize for the development of the NanoSPECT/CTTM in-vivo small animal imager. In 2008 Mediso was selected as the Entrepreneurial Company of the year in European Medical Imaging by Frost&Sullivan.

The early experience on the field of PET imaging dates back to 2002 when small animal PET system development was started together with technical university of Budapest. Since 2006 Mediso is also working on the development of human PET/CT diagnostic system by the support of NKFP Jedlik Ányos Programme of Hungary. As a result of this project Mediso introduced the AnyScanTM SPECT/CT/PET system the world novelty real triple modality human scanner using a patented PET detector technology [No. P 09 00574] developed together with BUTE. In parallel with the human line the NanoPETTM/CT in-vivo small animal imager is introduced to the market employing high-end detector technology using the smallest and highest density PET detectors in industry with 92% packing fraction.

Mediso is registered ISO 13485:2003 and certified under Directive 93/42/EEC, Annex II for CE Mark.


STMicroelectronics (Crolles 2) SAS (STMFR) is also, similarly to beneficiary STMUK, a wholly owned subsidiary of STMicroelectronics N.V. The Crolles centre is the major hub for the development of mainstream CMOS Technology Platforms for the STMicroelectronics group, currently focused on the 130nm, 90nm, 65nm and 55nm generations. The Crolles facility is organised as an integrated facility with R&D, pilot production and volume manufacturing all carried out using 200mm and 300mm wafers with all activities closely coupled to ensure optimum overall efficiency. Digital core processes are enhanced with various options to address the System-on-Chip challenge, including analog, RF, embedded DRAM, high density SRAM, BICMOS processes for analogue and high frequency applications, non-volatile memory and power options for energy management applications as well as the CMOS imaging processes for the group’s imaging division products. Semiconductor process development experts in Crolles work closely with STMUK to develop the next CMOS image sensor generations and associated advanced technologies such as TSV and BSI. Crolles is also a major center for the development of leading-edge design automation tools and methodologies, cell libraries, IP reuse and hardware/software co-design.

STMicroelectronics (R&D) Limited (STMUK) is a wholly owned subsidiary of STMicroelectronics N.V., a global independent semiconductor company developing and delivering semiconductor solutions across the spectrum of microelectronics applications. The company has strong silicon technology expertise and manufacturing strengths and is a leading broad range microelectronic component supplier. The company has developed a worldwide network of strategic alliances for product and technology development and continues to invest strongly in R&D (over $2 billion in 2008, representing 21% of net revenues). The STMicroelectronics group was formed in June 1987 as a result of the merger between SGS-ATES of Italy and Thomson Semiconducteurs of France. In 1999 the STMicroelectronics group acquired VLSI Vision plc, a company specializing in CMOS imaging solutions and having close ties with the University of Edinburgh. This centre of excellence forms the core of the STMicroelectronics group’s Imaging Division which offers a wide choice of products addressing sensor, companion image/video processor and optical lensed micro module applications. The Imaging Division is a world leading CMOS image sensor and camera module supplier.